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MLA Citation Guide (MLA 8th Edition): Images, Charts, Graphs, Maps & Tables

Is It a Figure or a Table?

There are two types of material you can insert into your assignment: figures and tables.

A figure is a photo, image, map, graph, or chart.

A table is a table of information.

For a visual example of each, see the figure and table to the right.

Still need help?

For more information on, see Purdue OWL MLA Figures, Tables and Examples.

Tips

Figure Numbers

The word figure should be abbreviated to Fig. Each figure should be assigned a figure number, starting with number 1 for the first figure used in the assignment. E.g., Fig. 1.

Title

Images may not have a set title. If this is the case give a description of the image where you would normally put the title.

Your Photographs

If you reproduce your own photograph you do not need to cite it. However, Seneca Libraries recommends adding a figure note beneath the image that reads "Photograph by author".

Citing in Digital Assignments

Remember that if you are citing information or images in a digital assignment (PowerPoint, website, infographic, etc.), please see the Citing Sources in Digital Assignments guide. 

Reproducing Images, Charts, Tables & Graphs
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Reproducing happens when you copy or recreate a photo, image, chart, graph, or table that is not your original creation. If you reproduce one of these works in your assignment, you must create a note (or "caption") underneath the photo, image, chart, graph, or table to show where you found it. If you do not refer to it anywhere else in your assignment, you do not have to include the citation for this source in a Works Cited list.

 

Citing Information From an Image, Chart, Table or Graph

If you refer to information from the photo, image, chart, graph, or table but do not reproduce it in your paper, create a citation both in-text and on your Works Cited list. 

If the information is part of another format, for example a book, magazine article or website, cite the work it came from. For example if information came from a table in an article in National Geographic magazine, you would cite the entire magazine article.

Figure (Photo, Image, Graph, or Chart) Inserted Into a Research Paper

To cite an image you have reproduced in your assignment, start with the figure number followed by a short description of the image and full citation for the source of the image. For example, if you found the image on a website, use the Works Cited list citation template for a website. The basic format for citing an image you reproduced is: 

Fig. X. Description of the figure from: citation for source figure was found in.

If the image appears in your paper the full citation appears underneath the image (see examples). If you are referring to other information from the source of the image, remember to cite the source in your Works Cited list. If you are referring to an image but not including it in your paper you must provide an in-text citation and include an entry in the Works Cited list.


Examples:

Black and white male figure exercising

Fig. 1. Man exercising from: Green, Annie. "Yoga: Stretching Out." Sports Digest, 8 May 2006, p. 22. 

Yellow printed skirt by designer Annakiki. Faces on skirt.

Fig. 2. Annakiki skirt from: Cheung, Pauline. "Short Skirt S/S/ 15 China Womenswear Commercial Update." WGSN.

Image Reproduced from Google Maps

Note: This is a Seneca Libraries recommendation.


To cite a Google Map you reproduced in your assignment, start with the figure number followed by the description of the map and full citation for such as:

Fig. X. Description of the figure from: "City, Province." Map, Google Maps. Accessed Access Date.

Example:

map of Newnham Campus, 404 and Finch

Fig. 1. Map of Newnham Campus, Seneca College from: "Toronto, Ontario." Map, Google Maps. Accessed 23 Apr. 2014. 

Table Inserted Into a Research Paper

Inserting a Table You Reproduced

  • Start by adding a label for your table (e.g., Table 1) followed by a description of what information is contained in the table. Remember to use a hanging indent for the description of your table.
  • Below the table, add the word Source: followed by the full citation for the source(s) where you found the information. For example, if you found the information on a website, use the Works Cited list citation format for citing a website.
  • If the table is not cited in the text of your assignment, you do not need to include it in your Works Cited list.  

Table 1

Variables in determining victims and aggressors

Variables  Non-aggressive victims Aggressive victims Non-victimized aggressors
Mother’s affection t = -2.69 
(df = 80, p = .01)
t = -2.16
(df = 33, p = .04)
t = -1.94
(df = 71, p = .06)
Father’s affection t = -.97
(df = 73, p = .34)
t = -1.58
(df = 31, p = .13)
t = -3.16
(df = 69, p = .00)
Family conflict t = 2.03
(df = 73, p = .05)
t = 2.12
(df = 31, p = .04)
t = 3.38
(df = 67, p = .00)
Family violence t = 2.52
(df = 81, p = .01)
t = 2.97
(df = 33, p = .01)
t = 2.10
(df = 72, p = .04)
Internal. problem behavior t = 4.87
(df = 81, p = .00)
t = 3.62
(df = 33, p = .00)
t = 3.08
(df = 72, p = .00)
Aggressive reaction to peer aggression t = -.23 
(df = 81, p = .82)
t = 1.57 
(df = 33, p = .14)
t = 6.35
(df = 72, p = .00)
Submissive reaction to peer aggression t = 3.06 
(df = 81, p = .00)
t = .12
(df = 33, p = .91)
t = -.96
(df = 72, p = .34)

Source: Mohr, Andrea. "Family Variables Associated With Peer Victimization." Swiss Journal of Psychology, vol65, no. 2, 2006, pp. 107-116, Psychology Collection, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1421-0185.65.2.107.


Inserting a Table You Adapted from Multiple Sources

Note: This is a Seneca Libraries recommendation. When creating a table with data from different sources, be mindful of how the data is related to each other, such as if they are measuring the same thing or comparing similar variables. If the data you want to present are not related, consider displaying them in separate tables.

 

  • Start by adding a label for your table (e.g., Table 1) followed by a description of what information is contained in the table. Remember to use a hanging indent for the description of your table.
  • Below the table, add the word Sources: followed by the full citation for the sources where you found the information. For example, if you found the information on a website, use the Works Cited list citation format for citing a website.
  • List your sources in alphabetical order by the author's last name. Separate each source with a semi-colon.
  • If the table is not cited in the text of your assignment, you do not need to include it in your Works Cited list.  


Table 1

Total downloads (in millions) of communication apps Discord, Telegram and WeChat through Apple App store and Google Play store in September 2020

App Apple App store Google Play store
Discord 4.09 12.53
Telegram 3.09 17.22
WeChat 7.37 27.49

Sources: Airnow. "Leading communication apps in the Google Play Store worldwide in September 2020, by number of downloads." Statista, Oct. 2020.; Airnow. "Leading social networking apps in the Apple App Store worldwide in September 2020, by number of downloads." Statista, Oct. 2020.

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