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MLA Citation Guide (MLA 9th Edition): Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers (Oral Communication)

Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers (Oral Communication)
Reference List Citation

Last name, First Name, Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. Interview. Day Month Year.

Example

Cardinal, D., Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. Interview. 4 Apr. 2004.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Last Name of Elder/Knowledge Keeper)


Example

(Cardinal)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Last Name of Elder/Knowledge Keeper)


Example

(Cardinal)

Note that this template should be used only for oral communication with Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. If you are citing a written resource by an Indigenous person, please follow the example for citing that resource (e.g., book, website, article, etc.)

The templates and examples for Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers is from NorQuest College Library, who license their work under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International LicenseDetails and Exceptions.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.