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APA Citation Guide (APA 7th Edition): Social Media

Social Media

Online Forum Post
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name [Username]. (Year of forum post, Month Day). Title of forum post [Online forum post]. Name of Forum. http://forumpostURL


Example

National Geographic [nationalgeographic]. (2019, November 16). Dogs are even more like us than we thought [Online forum post]. Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/user/nationalgeographic/comments/dxg8ca/dogs_are_even_more_like_us_than_we_thought/

Note: Write out the actual text of the forum post title in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(National Geographic, 2019)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(National Geographic, 2019)

Tweet
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name [@TwitterUsername]. (Year tweet was posted, Month Day). Text of post up to first twenty words [Tweet]. Twitter. http://tweetURL


Example

CBC Toronto [@CBCToronto]. (2019, November 15). Many Canadians are frustrated by the overpackaging of food and household necessities at the grocery store, where they are often found in plastic bags, wrap, boxes and trays [Tweet]. https://twitter.com/CBCToronto/status/1195318121143422976

Note: Write out the actual text of the post in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(CBC Toronto, 2019)

Note: Because tweets do not have page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings,this information is left out of the in-text citation.

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(CBC Toronto, 2019)

Facebook Post
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name. (Year of post, Month Day). Text of post up to first twenty words [Description of audiovisual content if included in post]. Facebook. http://postURL


Example

Seneca College. (2019, November 28). Future Workforce student panel represented by Seneca students! Future Workforce is a gathering of 200+ employers of students and new [Image attached]. Facebook. https://bit.ly/2YAeI4z 

Note: Write out the actual text of the post in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Seneca College, 2019)

Note: Because posts do not have page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings,this information is left out of the in-text citation.

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Seneca College, 2019)

Instagram Post
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name [@Username]. (Year of post, Month Day). Content of post up to first twenty words [Format of post, such as photograph(s), video]. Instagram. http://postURL


Example

Statistics Canada [@statcan_eng]. (2019, November 7). Did you know that 33% of graduates from the class of 2015 paid off their student debt within three years [Infographic]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B4kuBnolB1J/

Note: Write out the actual text of the forum post title in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Statistics Canada, 2019)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Statistics Canada, 2019)

LinkedIn Post
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name. (Year posted). Text of post up to first twenty words [Description of attached content] [Post or Video]. LinkedIn. http://URL

Notes: Since posts don't have exact dates, use an approximate year for the date element. If the post includes other content, add this information in square brackets after the post element. Examples include [Image attached], [Thumbnail with link attached], [Video attached]. 


Example

Statistics Canada. Using data from the Canadian #Housing Statistics Program, our latest article shows that first-time home buyers in #BritishColumbia had higher [Image attached] [Post]. https://www.linkedin.com/posts/statcan_housing-britishcolumbia-novascotia-activity-6846187529159380992-kbKh

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Statistics Canada, 2021)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Statistics Canada, 2021)

LinkedIn Profile
Reference List Citation

Author's Last Name, First Initial. or Group Name. (n.d.). Page title [LinkedIn page]. LinkedIn. Retrieved date, from http://URL

Notes: Since profiles don't have update dates, use n.d. in the date element. For page title, identify the section on the profile, such as Home, About, Jobs


Example

O'Brien, C. Home [LinkedIn page]. LinkedIn. Retrieved 22 September 2021, from  https://www.linkedin.com/in/conanobrien

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, n.d.)


Example

(O'Brien, n.d.)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, n.d.)


Example

(O'Brien, n.d.)

TikTok Video
Reference List Citation

Account Name [@username]. (Year posted, Month Day). Text of post up to first twenty words [Video]. TikTok. http://URL


Example

Saturday Night Live [@nbcsnl]]. (2021, March 29). Ok but for real what is an NFT [Video]. https://www.tiktok.com/@nbcsnl/video/6945222679502785797

Note: Write out the actual text of the post in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year, Timestamp for beginning of quote)


Example

(Saturday Night Live, 2021, 0:10)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name or Group Name, Year)


Example

(Saturday Night Live, 2021)

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