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MLA Citation Guide (MLA 7th Edition): Videos & DVDs

Formatting

Note: For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Tips

Who to Credit - DVD or Film

Many people can be involved in the production of a video and not all need to be listed in the citation. Typically the director, producer and/or writer are the names that are used. To clarify what role the person has in the production, their job title such as Director is put after their name in round brackets if the job title is known.

Who to Credit - Streaming Video from a Website

For videos from websites such as YouTube or Vimeo, credit the person who posted the content. If a real name is provided, use it. If the real name of the person who posted the content is not known, use their user name.

Streaming Video From a Website (YouTube, Vimeo, Hulu, etc.) - Poster's Real Name Known

Last Name, First Name of person who posted the video. "Title of Video." Title of the Overall Website. Publisher: Date of Publication. Format. Access date.

Works Cited List Example

Krueger, Brian. "Resume Tips - How to Structure Your Resume." YouTube. CollegeGrad.com: 19 Oct. 2006. Online video. 7 Feb. 2013.

In-Text Citation Example

(Last Name of person who posted the video)

(Krueger)

Note: Because videos typically do not have page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings, this information is left out of the in-text citation.

Streaming Video From a Website (YouTube, Vimeo, Hulu, etc.) - Poster's Real Name Unknown

Username of person who posted the video. "Title of Video." Title of the Overall Website. Publisher: Date of Publication. Format. Access date.

Works Cited List Example

InterviewMastermind. "How to Write Resumes - Tips for Using Categories." YouTube. N.p.: N.d. Online video. 7 Mar. 2013.

Note: If no publisher is listed, write the initials n.p. If no date is given, write the initials n.d.

In-Text Citation Example

(Username of person who posted the video)

(InterviewMastermind)

Note: Because videos typically do not have page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings,this information is left out of the in-text citation.

Streaming Video From a Library Database (Films on Demand, SeneMA, etc.)

Creator's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Video." Publisher: Date of Publication. Title of Library Database. Format. Access date.

Works Cited List Example

CNBC. "McDonalds: Decentralization of Business Model." Films Media Group: 2008. Films on Demand. Online video. 3 Jan. 2013.

In-Text Citation Example

(Creator's Last Name)

(CNBC)

Note: Because videos typically do not have page numbers this information is left out of the in-text citation.

DVD or Film

Title of Movie. Dir. Director's Name. Perf. Performers Names. Production Company, Year of Release. Film.

Note: Preface the name of the director with Dir. Preface a list of main performers in the film with Perf.>

Note: Exclude the list of performers if not relevant.

Works Cited List Example

The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benicio Del Toro. Polygram, 1995. Film.

In-Text Citation Example

(Title of Movie)

(The Usual Suspects)

Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

Note: Because DVD's do not have page numbers this information is left out of the in-text citation.

Television Series Episode

"Title of Episode." Title of TV Series. Dir. Director's Name. Perf. Performers Names. Production Company, Year of Release. Television Series Episode.

Note: Exclude the list of performers if not relevant.

Works Cited List Example

"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends. Dir. Kevin Bright. Warner Brothers, 2004. Television Series Episode.

In-Text Citation Example

("Title of Episode")

("The One Where Chandler")

Note: The title of the episode is in quotation marks in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

Note: Because DVD's do not have page numbers this information is left out of the in-text citation.

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