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Public Safety & Police Studies: How to Read Legal Citations

This guide was created to support the Public Safety and Police Foundations community at Seneca College. It showcases articles, documents, websites, and other resources of interest to the program.

How to Read Electronic Source Citations

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 745 (WLeC)

Title Statute Volume Year, Chapter, Pinpoint (e-source)
Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 745 (WLeC)

 

When using a statute from a Seneca database include an abbreviation for the service in parentheses following the citation. ie. (QL),  (WLeC), (CanLII), (LexUM), (e-Laws)

Online government web sites are indicated by adding "online: name of web site <web site address>.  at the end of the citation.

ie.

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 745, online: Department of Justice Canada<http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-46/281086.html>.

How to Read Regulation Citations

A correct legal citation of a regulation consists of the below-numbered parts:

1. Title. The title of the enabling act is optional.

2. Jurisdiction. The abbreviations below signify " Consolidated Regulations of Canada" and "Revised Regulations of Ontario".

3. Year. Immediately after the jurisdiction. A comma follows the year.

4. Number. Regulation number.


Federal Regulation Example:

Canada Corporations Regulations, C.R.C. 1978, c.424, s. 23 (revised)

Canada Corporations Regulations, C.R.C. 1978, c.424, s. 23 (revised)
1 2 3 4

Ontario Regulation Example:

Commercial Motor Vehicle Inspections, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 575 (revised)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Inspections, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 575 (revised)
1 2 3 4
 

How to Read Statute Citations

A correct legal citation of a statute consists of the below-numbered parts:

1. Title.  This is the title of the statute, followed by a comma. Use the short title of the act.

2. Volume. Cite the Revised Statutes as in the above example or cite annual volumes as S.C. No comma follows. The abbreviations  below signify "Revised Statutes of Canada" and "Revised Statutes of Ontario."

3. Year. Immediately after the jurisdiction. A comma follows the year.

4. Chapter. Abbreviate to a lower-case "c" followed by a period.

5. Alpha-numeric Designation. The letter is drawn obviously from the title of the statute. Federal statutes are noted with a hyphen (I-21).

6. Section Numbers. Abbreviate section to "s." and sections to "ss". Place a comma after the alphanumeric designation if you are citing a section.

 

For more information see: Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, (King) KE259.C352006


Federal Statute Citation Example:

  Interpretation Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-21, s.1

Interpretation Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-21, s. 1
1 2 3 4 5 6

 

Ontario Statute Citation Example:

Boundaries Act, R.S.O. 1990, c.B.10 I-21, s.3(1)

Boundaries Act, R.S.O. 1990, c.B.10 I-21, s.3(1)
1 2 3 4 5 6
 

 

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