Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Law: Reference Tools

This subject guide provides information resources for the School of Legal and Public Administration Legal Programs.
The following Seneca Libraries reference tools and website links provide access and information on a wide variety of legal areas.

How-To Videos

These videos offer an overview of navigating and finding legal information on The Lawyer's Daily and O'Brien's Encyclopedia of Forms.

Case History and Treatment Terminology

  • Overruled (overd) - The cited case is no longer good law.
  • Not followed (not folld) - The citing case does not follow the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, although the facts are similar.
  • Not applied (not apld) - The citing case does not follow the principle of law enunciated in the cited case.
  • Distinguished (distd) - The citing case is distinguishable from the cited case on the basis of different facts or a different application of the law.
  • Followed (folld) - The citing case follows the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, and the facts are similar.
  • Applied (apld) - The citing case follows the principle of law enunciated in the cited case.
  • Considered (consd) - The citing case contains some discussion of the cited case.
  • Referred to (refd to) - The citing case makes just a passing reference to the cited case.
  • Overruled by a minority (overd minor) - The cited case is no longer good law in a minority opinion.
  • Not followed by a minority (not folld minor) - The citing case does not follow the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, although the facts are similar, in a minority opinion.
  • Not applied by a minority (not apld minor) - The citing case does not follow the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, in a minority opinion.
  • Distinguished by a minority (distd minor) - The citing case is distinguishable from the cited case on the basis of different facts or a different application of the law, in a minority opinion.
  • Followed by a minority (folld minor) - The citing case follows the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, and the facts are similar, in a minority opinion.
  • Applied by a minority (apld minor) - The citing case follows the principle of law enunciated in the cited case, in a minority opinion.
  • Considered by a minority (consd minor) - The citing case contains some discussion of the cited case, in a minority opinion.
  • Referred to by a minority (refd to minor) - The citing case makes just a passing reference to the cited case, in a minority opinion.
  • Dissent (dissent) - The citing case only treats the cited case in a dissenting opinion.
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.